Philippines-U.s. Military Agreement
The opposition movement in the Philippines eased after the expulsion of AMERICAN personnel from the Philippines in the early 1990s. But it never really dissolved in its entirety. Anti-US sentiment remained a widespread social problem within the Metro Manila collegiate community and relatively small anti-US protests took place outside the United States. Message until the early 2000s.  As a result of the unfortunate events around 11/11, the United States began to restructure and exercise its rights under the U.S. Defence Treaty as part of its war on terror which included sending U.S. forces to the Philippines as part of Operation Enduring Freedom – Philippines to advise and support the Philippine armed forces.  When the U.S. military and the Philippine armed forces began training and conducting counterterrorism missions in the Philippine archipelago, the anti-US atmosphere began to pick up slowly.
The United States welcomed the Philippines` policy change. “Our long-standing alliance has benefited both countries and we look forward to further close security and defence cooperation with the Philippines,” the U.S. Embassy in Manila said in a statement. Analysts say the reversal suggests that the Philippines now believes China has become an increased threat, which explains the desire for security that U.S. military deterrence could offer. Disputes over the cost of rebuilding bases have contributed to the U.S. significantly reducing its military footprint in the Philippines, Schaus said. The VFA was signed in 1998 to reduce the administrative burden required for U.S. forces to travel to the Philippines. The pact allowed the U.S.
military to conduct large joint exercises in the Philippines, decades after the Americans were expelled from naval bases north of Manila because of rentals. TAIPEI, TAIWAN – The Philippines, a former U.S. ally in Asia, is changing its mind on whether to abolish a major U.S. military pact as it explores new ways to benefit from U.S. defense aid without isolating its new superpower friend, China, analysts and officials say. In February, Duterte ordered the termination of the Visiting Forces Agreement, jeopardizing security coverage for the Philippines, which is increasingly hostile to Chinese actions in the South China Sea. Under the agreement, Washington and Manila had 180 days after giving notice – in this case until August – to try to salvage the deal. Article V defines the significance of the attack and its purpose, which encompasses all attacks by an enemy power, is held as an attack on a metropolitan area by both parties or against the island territories under its jurisdiction in the Pacific or against its armed forces, public ships or aircraft in the Pacific.  Article VI states that this treaty does not infringe the rights and obligations of the parties under the Charter of the United Nations, obstructs or is not construed as an infringement.  Article VII stipulates that the treaty will be ratified in accordance with the constitutional procedures established by the United States Constitution and the Philippine Constitution.  Finally, Article VIII provides that the contractual terms are indeterminate until one or both parties intend to denounce the agreement.